2012 update here
Presidents Day is a holiday celebrated on the third Monday in February. This year, it is February 21. It is a day when Americans honor the leaders who have served as President of the United States.
At first, the holiday celebrated the birthday of the first President, George Washington. Now, the holiday also celebrates the birthday of Abraham Lincoln, also born in February, as well as the lives and accomplishments of the other Presidents.
Role of the President
The US Constitution defines the President’s role and requirements for taking office. Some of the specifics, such as the date of Election Day, or the number of terms the President can serve, have changed over the years.
- The president must be at least 35 years old, a natural-born citizen, and have lived in the United States at least 14 years.
- Americans vote for president every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. That popular vote chooses delegates to the Electoral College, which elects the President. The President serves for four years, and can be elected to four additional years.
- The President wears many hats. The Constitution assigns the president two roles: chief executive of the federal government and Commander in Chief of the armed forces. As Commander in Chief, the president has the authority to send troops into combat, and is the only one who can decide whether to use nuclear weapons.As chief executive, the President enforces laws, treaties, and court rulings; develops federal policies; prepares the national budget; and appoints federal officials. He also approves or vetoes acts of Congress and grants pardons.
- The President earns $400,000 each year, plus additional expenses and benefits such as living at the White House.
Use Presidents Day as a civic learning opportunity. Learn about the roles and history of the President and evaluate leadership, communication and political skills. A variety of activities are available. Modify based on your grade level or subject area. For example, you can focus students on the community, North Carolina, the United States or another country. Connect this to history, literature or in a global community.
There are many opportunities for writing, reading, small group discussion and oral presentation. The activity aligns with several core standards. Skills include:
- Critical thinking
- Reading information
- Active listening
- Civic literacy
- Media literacy
- Civic leadership
- Local and State Government
- Federal Government
- Effective communication
- Family dialogue
- Group discussion
- Connecting historic events, personal knowledge, current events or global life
- Download K-12 Civic Learning Opportunity: Presidents Day
- State of the Union http://www.kidsvotingcharlotte.org/2011/01/state-of-union.html
- American Presidents (C-SPAN) http://www.americanpresidents.org/
- - Portraits http://www.americanpresidents.org/gallery/
- - Videos http://www.c-spanvideo.org/videoLibrary/search-results.php?tag%5B%5D=life+portraits
- - Gravesites of Presidents and Vice Presidents http://www.americanpresidents.org/grantstomb/index_test.asp#presidents
- Presidential Libraries (C-SPAN) http://presidentiallibraries.c-span.org/
- Presidents, links by name http://www.ipl.org/div/potus/
- George Washington (America’s Library) http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/wash/aa_wash_subj.html
- George Washington (PBS) http://www.pbs.org/georgewashington/
- White House http://www.whitehouse.gov/
- Barack Obama http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president-obama
- Rulers of the World http://rulers.org/
- History.com http://www.history.com/topics/presidents-day
City or town
What’s for Kids?
(Some topics could include education, health, environment, safety, etc.)
WRITE THE HEADLINE OR BOOK TITLE
Now, read actual titles or headlines. One easy way to do this is through Google or Amazon.com. You can also view an online Presidential Library or news source.
Were you close? Is your headline or title better? Why?
Sometimes there will be many headlines and titles, with each one saying something completely different (example: George Washington: The Best President Ever! or George Washington: The Worst President Ever!). Why do you think that is?
- Does he write clearly?
- Are the sentences long or short?
- Can you summarize his main points – in a few words, what was the speech about?
- Does he read from a piece of paper?
- Does he raise or lower his voice or move his hands to illustrate a specific point?
- What emotions and expressions does the President show? Does he look confident?
- How is he dressed? Does this matter?
In your opinion, what are the ideal qualities in a leader? Which President(s) demonstrated those qualities?
(Examples: brave, caring, smart, healthy, cooperative, strong, decisive, curious, friendly, honest, hard-working)
What are words that come to mind when you think of a leader? A politician? Are the words the same, or different? Why?
Do you have to be an official “leader”, like the President, to demonstrate those qualities? How can you be a leader in your everyday life? Give examples.
MAKE YOUR VOICE HEARD
If you were the President, what would you do? Would you change policies? Make things happen? Solve problems? Write a short speech and tell everyone!
Or, role-play a President in history - or a leader in another country - and write your speech from that perspective.